Gum disease is an infection of the tissues surrounding and supporting your teeth. It is caused by a sticky film of bacteria called plaque. It builds upon your teeth and under your gums if plaque is not removed.
How do dentists diagnose gum disease?
- Dentists use X-rays, visual examination, and oral probes to detect and diagnose gum disease.
- X-rays show bone structure, tooth roots, and existing decay.
- The visual exam checks for plaque buildup, cavities, redness, swelling, or loose teeth.
Treatments for Gum Disease
Professional dental cleaning
If the gums are swollen and bleed easily, this could indicate the presence of periodontal disease. Bacteria in the mouth can irritate the soft tissue around teeth. Over time, this can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth and create pockets. These pockets become the perfect environment for bacteria to colonize, contributing to bad breath and tooth decay.
Gingivectomy is a dental procedure that removes inflamed gum tissue. A dentist, periodontist, or oral surgeon will use a scalpel to trim diseased gum tissue from around teeth during this procedure. Gum disease is a common and preventable oral health condition that damages gums and bones around teeth.
Flap surgery is a type of gum disease treatment usually done when patients need surgical care for their gums. This procedure is where the dentist or periodontist folds back the gum tissue, creating a flap. This exposes the root surface under the gum line, allowing the dentist to clean and decontaminate the area.
After gum disease therapy, your dentist will schedule a follow-up appointment. During this appointment, your dentist will check your gum health, your bite, and your restorations. They will also discuss your hygiene routine with you. Brushing your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time using a soft-bristled toothbrush with fluoride toothpaste can help maintain healthy gums.
The health of your teeth and gums can shift after gum disease therapy, so it’s important to schedule follow-up appointments. These appointments will allow your dentist to monitor your progress and provide any treatment you need.
The Dental Centre, located in Austin, is equipped with expert dentists and modern amenities. Call us at (512) 892-7800 and schedule an appointment with the dentist to know more about gum disease therapy.